Geography of Mauritius
The formation of the island is dated from 7 to 15 million years.
The island is of volcanic origin and still today, one can observe the traces of the great caldera at the origin of its formation.
The island no longer has an active volcano. There are, however, sleeping craters including the Trou aux Cerfs, which has become one of the tourist attractions over the years. It is located in the center of the island, in Curepipe.
Mauritius covers an area of 1,865 km2. It measures 65 km in length and 45 km in width.
The highest point is the Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire which peaks at 828 meters. Its coastal plains and a central plateau have allowed the extensive cultivation of sugarcane and tea for a long time.
The coral reef around the island protects lagoons and beaches lined with coconut palms and filaos. Mauritius is also known for its beautiful landscapes and monuments.